Bali is an island and province of Indonesia. This island was nominated as the best island in the world by Trip Advisor in 2017, and often called as The Island of Gods by the locals. It includes the island of Bali itself and a few smaller neighbouring islands, notably Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan, and Nusa Ceningan. It is located between Java to the west and Lombok to the east. Its capital, Denpasar, is located in the southern part of the island.
From east to west, the island is approximately 153 km (95 mi) wide and spans approximately 112 km (69 mi) north to south. Per January 2014, the population was 4,225,000 and it is the home for the most of of Indonesia’s Hindu minority. Around 80% of Bali’s population are Balinese Hindu, followed by 13.4% Muslim, Christianity at 2.5%, and Buddhism 0.5%. The population density is roughly 750 people/km2.
The largest city is the provincial capital, Denpasar, near the southern coast. Its population is around 577,000 people. Bali’s second-largest city is the old colonial capital, Singaraja, which is located on the north coast and is home to around 100,000 people. Other important cities include the tourist destination, Kuta, which is practically part of Denpasar’s urban area, and Ubud, located at the north of Denpasar, is often considered as the island’s cultural centre.
Bali is also home to a unified confederation of 10 kingdoms or royal Balinese houses, with each of them rules specific geographic area. The royal houses are not recognized by the government of Indonesia though, but they still play an important role in the people’s culture and tradition.
There are also three smaller islands lie to the immediate south east and they all are administratively part of the Klungkung regency of Bali: Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan and Nusa Ceningan. They haven’t enjoyed as much development for tourism, compared to other parts of Bali, and recently start gaining popularity among tourists who want to explore the beauty of unspoiled Bali. You can go there by taking fast boats from Sanur harbour.